Baruch Spinoza Baruch Spinoza was one of the most important and controversial thinkers of the 17th century. He rejected both the mind-body dualism of Descartes and traditional religious views, which got him violently attacked for atheism while he was actually seeking to redefine God as the whole of the laws of Nature. His metaphysics are a brilliant attempt to reconcile human freedom with a belief in scientific explanation, and his Theological-Political Treatise, the first argument for democracy by a major philosopher, contributed as much as the Declaration of Independence or Thomas Paine's Common Sense to modern liberal, secular, and democratic thinking.
Discover the gist of Spinoza's philosophy with this selection of 100 quotes taken among his most influential, in a practical and accessible format.
Baruch Spinoza Baruch Spinoza has been called the Prince of Philosophers; Hegel said of him that the alternative was: either Spinoza, or no philosophy at all. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy: he had the courage to criticize the traditionalism of religion, to offer a conception of God that would be logic instead of rigidly defined by a shallow dogma.
This audiobook is a collection of a hundred quotes chosen among the most representative of his great works, so that the listener can easily familiarize himself with the thought of one of the greatest European thinkers.
Baruch Spinoza "Le Prince des philosophes" selon Deleuze, un "précurseur" selon Nietzsche ; d'après Hegel, "l'alternative est : Spinoza ou pas de philosophie".
Penseur hollandais et figure incontournable de la philosophie, Spinoza a été pris à tort pour un auteur athée. En réalité, il critique les positions traditionalistes des religions révélées, pour proposer une religion traditionnelle. On dit de Spinoza que, victime d'une tentative d'assassinat, il aurait conservé le manteau troué par le poignard pour se rappeler que la passion religieuse mène à la folie. Ces 100 citations issues d'≈ìuvres majeures (
Traité sur la réforme de l'entendement,
Court traité...) sont une introduction à la pensée de Spinoza et un moyen de se familiariser avec une pensée de Dieu qui soit logique plutôt que définie par un dogme rigide.
Baruch Spinoza "Banni de sa communauté juive d'origine, influencé par les courants de pensée novateurs de son temps - au premier rang desquels le cartésianisme - Spinoza (1632-1677) consacra une vie retirée à la production d'une œuvre philosophique dont l'influence considérable n'a pas cessé de se faire sentir. La radicalité de ses conceptions fait du spinozisme une philosophie qui est encore, à bien des égards, devant nous. La sélection du présent audio répond au seul objectif pédagogique d'introduire à cette philosophie, sans prétention à l'exhaustivité."
Tous les textes ont été traduits du latin par Patrick Dupouey, dans le respect du sens original. L'écriture austère de Spinoza, qui vise à la seule vérité et non à l'agrément, n'a pas à être enjolivée. N'ont été apportés que les aménagements strictement nécessaires, toujours minimes, pour rendre audible l'écriture de Spinoza. Eric Pierrot, par sa lecture, restitue parfaitement la logique du propos et nous permet une compréhension plus aisée de cette pensée fondatrice de la philosophie moderne.
Baruch Spinoza Though it first aroused anger and controversy rather than admiration and acceptance, A Theologico-Political Treatise was a landmark in the analysis of theology (with particular reference to the Bible and its Jewish and Christian interpretations) and its relationship to philosophy and politics. Spinoza’s scholarly analysis, based on careful study, demonstrated that the Bible was composed by many writers over the centuries - and that even the Pentateuch, the first five books, were not the work of Moses, as was generally assumed at the time.
When the treatise appeared in 1670, this was highly controversial, questioning as it did the nature of God and miracles. Further, theology and philosophy, he maintained, should be kept separate. The treatise is also notable for the unequivocally libertarian view Spinoza promulgated: ‘Everyone should be free to choose for himself the foundations of his creed, and that faith should be judged only by its fruits; each would then obey God freely with his whole heart, while nothing would be publicly honoured save justice and charity.’
Baruch Spinoza was born in 1632 into a Sephardic/Portuguese family in Amsterdam but left Judaism, embraced Christianity and died in 1677 a highly learned philosopher. Best known for his Ethics, which, for his own safety, was published posthumously, A Theologico-Political Treatise was published in his lifetime, though anonymously. It underpinned his later reputation as the father of modern metaphysics and moral and political philosophy. Its unmistakable blend of considered scholarly argument with passionate declarations make it lively and relevant listening even in the 21st century.
A Political Treatise, in which Spinoza set out to examine three forms of government - monarchy, aristocracy, democracy - was left unfinished at his death but reflects a clear-thinking analysis presented through a 17th century prism.
A Theologico-Political Treatise: translation by Robert Harvey Monro Elwes.
A Political Treatise: translation by A. H. Gosset.